To conclude this week in studio, we finished our analysis of open spaces by proposing a solution to storm water control and prevention in the suburban area we studied. We began by documenting the existing conditions of the open spaces and proposing an open space that allowed water to be controlled and filtered through an irrigation system. In the urban setting, open spaces are areas dedicated for parks, green spaces, and other open areas. These areas, commonly open to public access, can range from highly maintained environments to relatively natural landscapes. Open space outside of the urban setting are often more natural: state/national parks and greenways.
In the suburbs, we determined open space to be the greenways that function as corridors composed of natural vegetation used to maintain biological diversity, protect water resources, conserve the soil, support recreation, enhance the community to custom cohesion, and allow species to disperse routes during climate change.
We determined that water could be controlled by implementing a plan first for each individual suburban unit. By using the slope of the ground and a proper filtration system of gravel, course stone, and top soil, we could filter the water to piping and run the piping to a forebay, which helps hold the water temporarily before overflow occurs and transfers the water into a more permanent basin.
The green area (above) represents a new park development that serves at an educational tool to the community. Trails and waterways would be built to provide the public with an experience that engages the community with the environment.
In addition, we researched the use of passive elements such as rock gardens and earth works. We analyzed the project by Herbert Bayer in Mill Creek. He designed a park that would react to rain. We were intrigued by this idea and introduced it into our design.
We thought our project was a success and that given the time we had, we were able to touch on various subjects that many groups never got around to. We felt the project was a little rushed, but we still enjoyed the process and the final design.
This week we discussed Open Spaces as an Urban System. Our initial documentation included a site visit to the Suburbs in Northfield. We focused on the Cuyahoga River and the areas within 5 miles to the East and 5 miles to the West. During our site visit, we made observations on the regions/sub-divisions and the land use/ land cover.
We divided the region based on land use and land cover to start to analyze the various site conditions and regions that occupy inhabitants/ buildable/ developed spaces. We noticed the signage for different sub-divisions and started to document how land was being divided and segregated. More results to come next week.
DPZ architects and their research on transect design from"Lexicon for the New Urbanism" can be found here:
Brandon E. Young